One of the key protagonists of the Italian Risorgimento was born in Genoa on 22 June 1805: Giuseppe Mazzini. Mazzini, a politician, soldier and Carbonari supporter, lived much of his life in exile. In 1831, Mazzini founded Young Italy with a view to the emancipation of Italy from foreign powers and the formation of a republic.
Conscious of the importance of education in creating a unified republic of “the free and equal”, during his struggles he stressed the importance of education of the people and their involvement in the wars to free Italy. After the experience of the Roman Republic, Mazzini continued to fight for republican ideals until his death in Pisa on 10 March 1872.